Mushrooms, which are fungi and not vegetables at all, are mysterious organisms, unique to the biological kingdom. In Iceland there are around 2000 known species of mushrooms. This does not include around 700 species that form lichens i.e. that live in symbiosis with algae and other solid surfaces (such as rock). Mushrooms are divided into many different groups, but the largest are basidiomycota and ascomycota.
Because some mushrooms are really toxic it is necessary to obtain accurate information about them before picking them. Some say, the mushroom picker has to regard mushrooms with an almost spiritual reverence to better appreciate their unique qualities. Mushrooms do not only grow alone, but they form symbiotic relationships with other organisms.
The best, edible mushrooms in Iceland have a spongy surface under the cap. Larch and pine mushrooms are the easiest to find and they are also most easily recognised by beginners. It is easy to recognise where they tend to grow. When there are many mushrooms available you can throw away the stem (stipe) and the spongy surface under the cap using only the best parts.
Regarding cultivation, mushrooms can be cultivated indoors in wooden boxes. Mushrooms are thus very nutritious with a higher mineral content than meat, and a lot of protein. Fry the fresh mushrooms in butter or use in sauces and soups.
Hildur Hákonardóttir, Guðrún Arndís Tryggvadóttir „Sveppir“, Náttúran.is: May 19, 2014 URL: http://nature.is/d/2007/06/26/samgngur-grur/ [Skoðað:May 22, 2019]Efni má nota eða vitna í samkvæmt almennum venjum sé heimilda getið með slóð eða fullri tilvitnun hér að ofan.
skrifað: June 26, 2007
breytt: June 13, 2014